Thailand's unemployment rate was only 0.7% in 2012, making it the fourth lowest country in the world for unemployment.
Unemployment in Thailand is managed by the Social Security Office.
Applicants must have made at least 6 months of contributions in the 15 months prior to claiming. In addition, applicants must:
Apply for registration of the unemployed at the State Unemployment Office within 30 days. Applicants must also be:
Workers who have been dismissed for misconduct may not be entitled to claim this benefit.
Both the employee and employer contribute 0.5% of the gross monthly salary and the Thai government contribute 0.25% to the social security program. This benefit does not cover the self-employed.
The rate is based on the highest 3 months earnings in the last nine months and is paid at 50% of the average daily rate. Benefits will only be paid when the individual has been out of work for 8 days or more.
Although available for expats who have contributed, care needs to be taken as they will have additional issues of their visa and work permit status and may in fact no longer able to stay in Thailand legally if your employment has come to an end.
Applicants for unemployment benefits must
The officer of the Employment Office shall then conduct an interview/inspection of the qualification and records of employment. The officer makes available job vacancies in 3 locations for the unemployed insured to choose. If a suitable job cannot be found, the officer of the Employment Office will coordinate the effort by sending the unemployed insured to receive vocational (skill) training as necessary. If the insured returns to work in the same place of business or refuse the work or job training provided and fails to show up as required, the Office of the Social Security shall suspend the payment of benefit immediately.
Again, note that even if an expat is eligible for unemployment, they may lose visa and work permit status and thus their right to legally stay in Thailand.
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