The Commissions des Normes du Travail (Labor Standards in Québec) regulates all regulations and standards for the province.
Normal business hours are 9:00-17:00, but many businesses have longer or different opening hours.
In Québec, the legal working time is set at 40 hours a week and working overtime is authorized and often paid extra. The hours worked in addition to the hours of the normal workweek must be paid with a 50% premium in addition to the regular hourly rate (time and a half), without counting the premiums available on an hourly basis such as night shift premiums. Each week, an employee is entitled to a rest period of at least 32 consecutive hours. In the case of a farm worker, his day of rest may be postponed to the following week if he is in agreement.
An employer is under no obligation to offer coffee breaks, but when a coffee break is granted, it must be paid and included in the calculation of the hours worked.
After a period of work of 5 consecutive hours, the employee is entitled to a 30-minute period, without pay, for his meal. He must be paid for this period if he is unable to leave his work station.
The minimum wage in Québec is $9.90, with the exception of employees receiving tips earning $8.55 an hour. An employer has one month to give an employee his first pay. Thereafter, the pay must be issued at regular intervals that may not exceed 16 days, or one month in the case of senior managerial personnel or contract employees. If pay day falls on a statutory holiday, the employee must be paid on the working day preceding this holiday. Wages may be paid:
A modern, competitive city, Montréal offers competitive salaries within Canada and in the global market.
In Québec, signing a written work contract is not mandatory. Verbal contracts are widespread. It is common to be hired quite easily, but dismissals can also be rapid. In theory, an employment contract should be in writing and the employee should read and understand all conditions before signing. If it is in a language other than your mother tongue, you should allow a trusted advisor (like a lawyer or close friend) that is fluent in that language to inspect it.
A probation period generally applies (from a few days to several months).
An employee has been terminated when an employer brings the contract of employment to an end. This may be due to redundancy (lay-off) or dismissal because of fault of the employee. An employer must give the employee a written notice of termination of employment before terminating his contract of employment or laying him off for a period of more than 6 months. At the end of a contract for a fixed term or if the employee has completed the task for which he had been hired, the employer is not required to give this notice. The time periods for giving the employee the notice vary according to his length of uninterrupted service.
Almost all workers have the right to paid leave. Only people who are self-employed and a few other exceptions will not be entitled to statutory paid holiday.
Entitlement to a vacation is acquired during a period of 12 consecutive months. Known as the reference year, this period extends from May 1st to April 30th. The length of vacation is established based on the employee's period of uninterrupted service. As for the amount of the indemnity, it varies according to the wages earned during the reference year in effect in the enterprise.
The majority of Québec employees are entitled to an indemnity or a compensatory leave for statutory holidays. These are days where most public/government offices and many private businesses will be closed.
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