Sécurité sociale au Québec is a set of institutions whose function is to protect individuals from social risks. Social provisions of government are called social programs (programmes sociaux). Québec has its own separate program from the rest of Canada that offers sickness, maternity, paternity, and parental benefits. It is administered by the Ministère de l'Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale (MESS).
Under Solidarité sociale services, financial assistance is granted to individuals and families incapable of meeting their needs without help. Through active partnership, Solidarité sociale also contributes to preventing and resolving problem issues for individuals or groups in order to foster their economic and social self-reliance. These services offer information and orientation to various resources, as well as support for job integration, particularly by way of public employment services.
Employment Insurance (EI) provides sickness benefits to individuals who are unable to work because of sickness, injury, or quarantine. This is a federal program, with last-resort financial assistance available directly from the Québec government. Paternity benefits are available exclusively for the newborn's father.
EI premiums are paid by employers deducting a percentage from wages or salary. EI premiums must be paid on all your earnings up to a maximum amount. There is no minimum or maximum age for paying EI premiums. Currently, for every $100 you earn, your employer will deduct $1.47, until your annual earnings reach the maximum yearly insurable amount of $45,900. The maximum amount of premiums to be paid in 2012 is therefore $674.73.
The Québec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP) is an income replacement plan that pays benefits to eligible parents following the birth or adoption of a child. It provides maternity, paternity, parental, and adoption benefits to residents of Québec.
Eligibility conditions vary according to your worker status. To find out your worker status, consult the Revenu Québec website.
To receive benefits, you must register and get an ID. This can be done online with a user code and password. This ID will give you safe access to the online services provided by all government of Québec participating agencies and departments.
Applications are made online. Once your application is sent to the QPIP, you will automatically receive a confirmation number confirming that your application has been recorded at the QPIP. You can check on your status online throughout the process.
The maximum insurable earnings considered when calculating benefits is $66,000 in 2012 and $67,500 in 2013. This income is indexed on January 1 of each year at the rate set by the Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CSST). Benefits can be up to 75% of average weekly income. A full table of benefits can be found at:
This benefit is a monthly payment made to eligible families to help them with the cost of raising children under age 18. The National Child Benefit Supplement offsets the difference between the amount to which families may be entitled and the amount they actually receive.
The Québec government provides Child Assistance to help families. It is a refundable tax credit for child assistance is paid by the Gouvernement du Québec.
This measure has two components:
Child Assistance - The child assistance payment is a form of financial assistance paid to all eligible families with one or more dependent children under the age of 18 living with them.
Supplement for handicapped children - The purpose of the supplement for handicapped children is to provide financial assistance for families to help with the care and education of a handicapped child. The physical or mental handicap must be serious and must significantly limit the child in carrying out daily activities for a period expected to last at least 1 year. The amount of the supplement is the same for all children who meet the Régie's eligibility criteria, regardless of family income or type of handicap.
Your Social Insurance Number (SIN) identifies you within the social security system in Canada. This nine-digit number is necessary to work in Canada or to have access to government programs and benefits. Each SIN is issued to one person only. It cannot legally be used by anyone else. You are responsible for protecting your SIN. Store your SIN card in a safe place rather than keeping it on you.
You should apply for a SIN as soon as you arrive in Canada. Apply at a Service Canada Centre. If your application and documents are in order, you will get a Social Insurance Number in one visit and receive your card within 10 business days. You may also apply by mail by downloading the application, or calling 1-800-206-7218 (select option "3"). Send completed application, original documents and payment, if required, to:
Social Insurance Registration Office
PO Box 7000
Bathurst NB E2A 4T1
If you send your application by registered mail, documents and SIN card will be returned in the same way. If your SIN application meets the requirements, you will receive your SIN card by mail within 20 business days from the date we receive the application. The card is free, but replacement may incur a $10 fee.
The Gouvernement du Québec has social security agreements with 32 countries. The Régie des rentes du Québec's Bureau des ententes de sécurité sociale (BESS) is responsible for the application of these agreements.
When you move internationally you are taking a big step. Lots of things are changing and you have a million things to think about and take care of. If you are able to select a top of the line moving company that moves for a modest price, it can take a big weight of your shoulders in busy times.
Our network of international removal companies can move your furniture & possessions to Canada and anywhere overseas.
Filling in the form at the bottom will allow you to request up to 5 quotes from various moving companies. This service is free of charge and will help you select an international moving company that suits your needs and budget.