The average unemployment rate in France is 10 percent.
The Pôle-Emploi (Employment Centre) assists job seekers in finding work and ensuring benefits are paid.
The conditions for receiving benefits are dependent on an individual's circumstances. There are some standard requirements:
Non-EU citizens will need to show they have the right to work in France. This may be a visa, or may be stated on the Carte/Titre de Séjour with the phrase: "toutes activités professionnelles".
Unemployment benefit (l’allocation d’aide au retour à l’emploi - ARE) provide support for workers who are currently unemployed. To be registered as unemployed and receiving benefits, the applicant must be able to work, actively searching for employment and be available for interviews.
The level of unemployment benefit (allocation de chômage) is a percentage of a reference daily rate (salaire journalier de référence - SJR) and is calculated from your previous salary. For example,
If you earned €20,000 in the previous 12 months, then the SJR would be €20,000/365 days = €55 per day. You would be entitled to either 40.4% SJR + €11.34 per day OR 57.4% SJR (whichever was produced the larger amount).
The minimum amount payable is €27.66 per day. The maximum amount cannot be greater than 75% SJR.
Those who become unemployed as a result of redundancy are entitled to enhanced benefits, and there are also particular rules for seasonal workers.
If your employer payed you holidays, or redundancy compensation more than the legal minimum, your allowance is postponed (maximum 75 days).
The duration of your employment activity establishes the duration of your allowance. The benefit is granted for periods of 6 months renewable within the limitation of the maximum duration of the benefit.
|Duration of the employed activity||Maximum benefit duration|
|6 months of activity during the last 22 months||7 months|
|14 months of activity during the last 24 months||23 months|
|27 months of activity during the last 36 months||36 months *|
|For people of 57 years old and more, 27 months of activity during the last 36 months and 100 quarters of pension contribution||42 months *|
If a work contract has come to an end or a worker has been dismissed, the first step is to register at the local Pôle-Emploi office. The job seeker must pre-register to make an appointment.
Advisors help create a Projet Personnalisé d'Accès à l'Emploi (PPAE) or "plan of action". An identifying number and personal code is issued at the initial meeting. Once the file (dossier) is completed, the applicant is eligible for benefits.
Registration should be confirmed regularly with a monthly declaration of situation and all changes to a person's circumstances (finding employment, pregnancy, change of address) must be reported. Notification must be given of these changes in situation within 72 hours.
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