Politics in Spain are established under the Constitution (1978), which means that the country is nowadays described as a social and democratic Sovereign country, with 17 autonomous communities (Estado de las Autonomías). Spanish government is organized under a parliamentary monarchy, that is, a social representative, democratic and constitutional monarchy in which the monarch is the head of state, while the prime minister, whose official title is "Presidente del Gobierno", he is the head of government.
The basic institutional law of each autonomous community is the Statute of Autonomy. Each of them have their own elected parliaments, governments, public administrations, budgets, and resources. Health and education systems are managed regionally as well as public finances. The government of all autonomous communities is based on a division of powers comprising; the Legislative Assembly, the Government Council and the Supreme Court of Justice, under the Supreme Court of the State.
Since 2009, the government has kept a balanced and progressive gender equality ratio with 9 out of the 18 members of the Government being women by promoting gender-based positive discrimination.
After Franco's death, and its dictatorship, the country has been a democracy with the Royal Family as the highest representation.
The country three powers are based on key institutions with very specific functions.
When are the next elections taking place?
All autonomous communities in Spain are organized under a parliamentary system, which means that, the regional parliament elects a president who heads the regional government. A cabinet of ministers assists the president with the various administrative subdivisions of the autonomous community's government. Most offices have four-year terms.
Therefore, the city of Madrid has a city council and mayor, both of which are popularly elected. All Spaniards, 18 years of age and older, they are entitled to vote. The Spanish voter turnout is usually high.
Each member of the city council (consejeros) also serves as the city administrator for a particular area of government; for example, culture, police, taxation or education.
The Autonomous Community of Madrid has an elected regional parliament similar to many European legislatures.
In general terms, the Statute of Autonomy establishes that the government of the community is formed by:
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