Overview of Bangalore

Geography of Bangalore

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Officially known as Bengaluru, this city is often referred to as the Silicon Valley of India. This is the IT hub of India and is home to all major Indian software companies. Located in the Deccan Plateau, Bangalore is the capital of the state of Karnataka. It lies in the south eastern part of Karnataka, in the heart of the Mysore Plateau. No major rivers run through the city though the Arkavathi and South Pennar cross paths with each other at Nandi Hills which is located on the outskirts of the city. Bangalore has a handful of freshwater lakes and water tanks though 80 percent of the city's water is provided by the river Kaveri. Due to its higher elevation, Bangalore enjoys a comfortable temperature throughout the year. January is the coolest month with an average low temperature of 15 degrees Celsius and April is the hottest month with an average high temperature of 33.6 degrees Celsius. The city receives rainfall from both the Northeast and Southwest monsoon making September, October and August the wettest months to be here.


India, officially known as the Republic of India is the seventh biggest country in the world and is located in South Asia. The name India is derived from the word, 'Indus' which is derived from the ancient Persian word 'Hindu', from Sanskrit 'Sindhu' and is associated with the historic name for the River Indus. Other names that India is known by include Hindustan which is the Persian word for 'Land of the Hindus' and Bharat. It is the world's second most populous country and its largest democracy. India shares its borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Burma and is bounded by the Indian Ocean in the South, Arabian Sea in the north and Bay of Bengal in the East. India is a multilingual and multi-ethnic society. Four of the world's major religions including Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated here. It is also home to Muslims, Christians and Zorastrians.

India boasts of diverse natural terrain. From the Himalayas in the north to the Deccan plateau in the south, the country is home to mountains, plateaus, coastal ranges, desert, rivers and lakes. India's coast is 7,517 kilometers (4,671 mi) long. The major rivers include the Ganges, Brahmaputra, Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, Kaveri, Narmada and Tapti. India has two archipelagoes, the Lakshadweep Islands in India's south western coast and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a volcanic chain of islands in the Andaman Sea. The four major climatic conditions that the country experiences are tropical wet, tropical dry, sub-tropical humid and montane.

Update 5/10/2013

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