Education in Munich

School system in Munich

Home > Expat Guides > Europe > Germany > Munich

Children in Germany start school at the age of 6 and subjects are the same for all students from grade 1 to 4. After the 4th grade, they are separated according to their academic ability and attend one of three different kinds of schools: Hauptschule, Realschule or Gymnasium.

The Hauptschule (grades 5-9 in most German states) teaches the same subjects as the Realschule and Gymnasium, but at a slower pace and with some vocational-oriented courses. It leads to part-time enrollment in a vocational school combined with apprenticeship training until the age of 18.

The Realschule (grades 5-10 in most states) leads to part-time vocational schools and higher vocational schools. Students with high academic achievement at the Realschule can switch to a Gymnasium on graduation.

The Gymnasium (grades 5-13 in most states) leads to a degree called the Abitur and prepares students for university study or for a dual academic and vocational credential. Subjects offered here include classical language, modern language, and mathematics-natural science.

Beyond the Haupschule and Realschule lies the Berufsschule. This combines part-time academic study and apprenticeship. When the student successfully completes the apprenticeship program, he earns himself a certification in a particular trade or field of work.

No matter what kind of school a student attends, he/she must complete at least nine years of education. German children only attend school in the morning. School life in Germany also means more homework and very few extracurricular activities.



Update 2/04/2008


Facebook Twitter Google+ LinkedIn Pinterest Addthis

Recommended Service Partners

Learn English online invites you to try EF English Live for only 1£, and discover the most flexible and effective method to learn English on your PC and Tablet!

With 50 years’ experience, EF English Live has helped over 20 million people to communicate in English. This award-winning online method is used by the biggest companies such as HSBC, Nestle and L’Oreal. EF English Live offers you a mix of interactive study tools with the support of certified English teacher, so you can gain confidence rapidly.


To test the method during 30 days and get unlimited access to hundreds of hours of interactive exercises and teacher-led classes, please complete the form:

Do you have comments or personal information to communicate about this article? Add your comment.

Go to the Forum to talk more about school system in Munich, education.

Find more definitions and general answers on expatriation issues in the Expat FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions).