Because prices to buy are very expensive in Brussels, or simply because you
do not wish to invest in Belgium, you might prefer to rent an accommodation.
There are numerous estate agencies and website specialised in properties in
Brussels. For example:
The lease, without any specific notification, is assumed to be agreed for
9 years. At the end of the lease, new periods of 3 years each time
are said to be agreed without notification if nobody has terminated the lease.
Each time that the lease is extended between the tenant(s)
and the landlord(s), the lease continues and the rent cannot be modified at
this occasion. Short term leases are equal to or less than 3 years.
It is only possible to change the price of the rent when you change the lease.
During the lease, the rent is following a yearly index
(i.e. adapting to the cost of living index), that is different from the rise
of the rent during the lease. Since 1991, the modification
of the rent during the lease is possible but can only happen at the end of each
period of 3 years. The change of the rent can be requested by the tenant
or by the landlord, solely on a very precise timing. Afterwards, either each
part agrees, either they disagree and then the person who submitted the request
can go to court.
For more information on leases, it is adviced to check with the information
of the federal website.
In addition to the rent, the tenant will often have to pay additional charges:
- maintenance of the shared areas in the building (cleaning and repears);
- water and electricity bills of the shared areas.
Fees and charges must be listed with the rent on an additional document.
Three months before the end of the lease, it is possible
to give your notice (by recorded letter). If no notice has been done before
the end of the contract, the initial lease carries on with the same conditions,
but it will be considered to have been agreed for a period of 9 years.
- For a lease of 9 years: before 3 years in the accommodation, the
tenant can end his/her tenancy with a 3 month notice period that takes place
the 1st of the following month it has been sent. But he/she
will have to pay the landlard 3 month rent if the tenant leaves before the
1st year, 2 months before the 2nd year and 1 month before the 3rd year.
- For a short term lease: neither the tenant nor
the landlord can terminate the contract in advance, unless it it
has been agreed otherwise. The contract can be terminated after a 3 month
notice period before the end of the normal period of tenancy.
Social accommodation (council estates)
Rental benefits exist in Brussels-Capital Region, in order to help some citizens
to find accommodation.
In order to be candidate for social
accommodation (equivalent to council estates), the person has to comply
with some criteria, especially in terms of maximum income subject to tax. The
registration is made using a document from the organisation of the social estate
(AIS - agence immobilière sociale). It is also possible to get removal
and rent allowance (ADIL).
More information on the website: Bruxelles-J.
Litigations and issues regarding the tenacy have to be settled with the
juge de paix (see list)
of the location where the property is located.