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✎ EN Learn Greek!!!

Discussion in 'Greece' started by panagiotists13, Jun 9, 2014.

  1. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    Hello everybody again!You have already seen nationalities and languages in Greek,now let me how you the countries and their adjectives.For example,we can say that s/thing is Chinese instead of saying that it was made in China.These adjectives are not written with a capital letter and they describe the origin of an object,not of a person.
    η Ελλάδα=Greece
    η Γαλλία=France
    η Γερμανία=Germany
    η Ιταλία=Italy
    η Ισπανία=Spain
    η Σουηδία=Sweden
    η Αλγερία=Algeria
    η Κίνα=China
    η Ινδία=India
    η Ολλανδία=Holland
    η Αυστραλία=Australia(it is pronounced Afstralia)
    το Βέλγιο=Belgium
    and the adjectives...
    (ο) ελληνικός/(η) ελληνική/(το) ελληνικό
    γαλλικός/γαλλική/γαλλικό
    γερμανικός/γερμανική/γερμανικό
    ιταλικός/ιταλική/ιταλικό
    ισπανικός/ισπανική/ισπανικό
    σουηδικός/σουηδική/σουηδικό
    αλγερινός/αλγερινή/αλγερινό
    κινέζικος/κινέζικη/κινέζικο
    ινδικός/ινδική/ινδικό
    ολλανδικός/ολλανδική/ολλανδικό
    αυστραλιανός/αυστραλιανός/αυστραλιανό
    βελγικός/βελγική/βελγικό
    I hope you learnt a lot of things today,tomorrow I will show you some basic grammar rules about adjectives and some basic vocabulary!!!
     
  2. Cyrilexpat

    Cyrilexpat Moderator
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    Unfortunately I did Latin at school, not Greek (it would have been easier to perform the language). First I will have to memorize the vocabulary: alpha, beta, gamma... (very useful in Maths).
     
  3. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    Well,I think that you are lucky taht you have no ancient Greek experience.It's much more difficult and unuseful than modern Greek.You should learn modern Greek first,and then ancient Greek!!!
     
  4. Cyrilexpat

    Cyrilexpat Moderator
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    Yes but surely it could be useful for reading words with pronunciation of letters?
    BTW you should put a picture in your profile, it's nicer for posts on forums :)
     
  5. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    Now let's see some basic and very useful adjectives to describe somebody or something.There are three genres in Greek and here the adjectives are written with this form masculin/female/neuter.
    όμορφος/όμορφη/όμορφο=beautiful
    καλός/καλή/καλό=good
    γρήγορος/γρήγορη/γρήγορο=fast
    κρύος/κρύα/κρύο=cold
    ζεστός/ζεστή/ζεστό=hot
    άνετος/άνετη/άνετο=comfortable
    You can combine these adjectives with Greek nouns,but they must be in the same genree.You can't say η γρήγορη αυτοκίνητο because the word αυτοκίνητο(=car) is neuter.So,you must say το γρήγορο αυτοκίνητο!!!And here are some nouns so you can combine these adjectives to practice.
    ο άντρας=the man
    η γυναίκα=the woman
    το παιδί=the child
    το αγόρι=the boy
    το κορίτσι=the girl
    το αυτοκίνητο=the car
    το φαγητό=the food
    EXERCISE:
    Translate these phrases from Greek to English:
    το ζεστό φαγητό
    η όμορφη γυναίκα
    το άνετο αυτοκίνητο
    το καλό παιδί
    The solutions are...
    the hot food
    the beautiful woman
    the comfortable car
    the good child
     
  6. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    As you might have understood,all the adjectives that you have learnt end in-ος,in the female they change to -η and in the neuter they change to -ο.Of course,there are a lot of exceptions, but this is the general rule.
     
  7. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    And here are the jobs in Greek.
    ο δημοσιογράφος=the journalist
    ο πιλότος=the pilot
    ο μουσικός=the musician
    ο δικηγόρος=the lawyer
    ο μάγειρας=the cook
    ο μάγος=the magician
    ο δάσκαλος=the teacher
    ο καθηγητής=the teacher
    The feminin are
    η δημοσιογράφος
    η πιλότος
    η μουσικός
    η δικηγόρος
    η μαγείρισσα
    η μάγισσα
    η δασκάλα
    η καθηγήτρια
    Some nouns are the same in both genders,but some change their ending or even their accent.
    The difference between δάσκαλος/δασκάλα and καθηγητής/καθηγήτρια is that the first is used to speak about a primary teacher,while the second is used to speak about a secondary/university teacher.
     
  8. Pacoubourg

    Pacoubourg New Member

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    Bonjour,

    Aurais-tu un bon plan pour trouver un séjour linguistique en Grèce en aout 2017?
    Difficile de trouver cela sur la toile !
    Merci d'avance
     
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