Barcelona's use as a major port, trading destination, and manufacturing hub has allowed it to prosper. However, a high unemployment rate, slumping economy, and the importance of speaking Spanish or Catalan limit the job pool. Banking and logistics sectors are prominent, with the government pushing growth in the fields of IT and technology.
The job market in Madrid is more favorable for foreigners, but there is work to be found in Barcelona. It is not easy, so prepare yourself with
- Language Skills, and
Expats that can speak both Spanish and English will find themselves with a large advantage. There are opportunities in international companies and tourism organizations.
Spain usually uses a CV.. International companies stationed there may prefer a resume, but this should be specified in the ad. Prepare both a Spanish and English versions of your resume only if you are fluent in both languages.
A cover letter usually accompanies a CV in a job application. In the format of a letter, it establishes your tone and intent.
After you have completed your CV, it is time to search for jobs.
Online recruitment websites allow for customized job-searches and alerts of new positions. You can also submit a CV for hiring managers.
Job seekers can also apply directly on company's websites. Companies advertise their vacancies under "recursos humanos" (human resources), "empleo" (employment) or under "Trabaja para nosotros" ("Work for us").
The Spanish Public State Employment Service (Servicio Público de Empleo Estatal or SPEE)is an employment service with a nationwide network of employment offices.
Friends, relatives and acquaintances are great resources for getting leads on positions. Many hires are made through connections (enchufe), so ask around and put out the word that you are looking.
As part of the EU, job seekers can access the European job mobility portal EURES. This resource provides information about job vacancies and the labor market. It also provides information on the living and working conditions, and a CV posting service.
Newspapers post job offers in their job finder section "Aquí hay trabajo". Most are posted on daily newspapers (Wednesdays & weekends) and specialized trade magazines and journals. Job-seekers can also post a wanted ad for a fee.
Career fairs offer a great view of the Spanish job market and positions available. There are usually a range of employers, often featuring a specific industry. Applicants should come prepared with a CV, business cards, and qualifications. At some fairs, applicants send their CV in advance. Careers Fair search engine can help you find an event in your area.
English-speaking expats are in high demand for teaching English. Language schools usually require applicants to have TEFL course certificates and a college degree. You must have adequate visa clearance and registration. Most schools will supply you the intent to employ so you can secure a visa.
The easiest way to get started teaching English is to find a school. The best situations are companies that pay adequately and aid in getting visa paperwork completed. These positions may be difficult to come by and there is fierce competition for the largest.
Applicants usually submit their resume and application, and if the school approves, the applicant will be asked for an interview. The interview may consist of a sample lesson or a grammar test. Some schools will throw teachers right in for a 90 minute class where the school observes and either offers the job, or does not.
Positions are much more readily available in private language schools. Salaries are lower than in the state run schools and contracts may not benefit the teacher so read carefully. Many schools run summer courses and camps.
It is common for new teachers to only receive a few classes at first. If they are able to prove themselves reliable and are able to handle a class, they will gradually be given more classes. Some teachers work at two schools or also give private lessons.
Teaching in the state sector is the most lucrative strain of teaching. These jobs are hard to come by without experience and the best qualifications. These positions offer the paid holidays, excellent salary, and a good pension.
It is also an option to work for yourself by giving private lessons. These are usually more profitable per hour, but require a lot more work finding customers. The best way to get private students is to post advertisements in business newspapers, on bulletin boards, or offer your resume on expat site's like Easy Expat's job listings. Having basic native language skills will help expand your clientele as you can then work with beginners.
Wages are generally low as is the cost of living. Hourly rates range from 12 to 30 euros per hour. An hourly wage of 20 euros per hour would be considered as more than adequate. The best wages and benefits are for teachers that secure positions with companies, but language schools are the easiest place to become employed.
TESOL (also known as TEFL) is the acronym for Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages. A TESOL certificate is the most common qualification required to teach English abroad. There are a wide variety of TESOL courses available, ranging from 4-week intensive, classroom based TESOL courses with TEFL International, to TESOL courses studied online. It is even possible to combine a period of online study with a shorter classroom based course. In addition to standard TESOL certificate courses there are also more specialized courses such as courses for teaching business English, or teaching English to young learners. There is also the more advanced TESOL diploma course.
Interviews are a chance for a company to get to know you before hiring you. Research the company before the interview to discover their missions and direction. Practice a basic "speech" about who you are and what you do. Try to use the same keywords you used in your CV.
If you are in need of short term work of any kind, there are agencies that will find you employment with another company. As an added bonus, sometimes short term work can lead to longer contract.
A work visa is necessary for non-EU citizens intending to work in Spain. This is regardless of whether an employment contract has been concluded by a Spanish or foreign company or whether the work is paid or unpaid. Activities of temporary and interim employment agencies also require a work permit.
For complete info, consult the "Passport, Visa & Permits" section.
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