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 At Work

Work Usage

Working Hours

Normal business hours are 8:00-17:00 but many businesses may have longer or different opening hours.

The normal work hours of any employee shall not exceed 8 hours a day for five days a week. Employees are given not less than 60 minutes time-off for their regular meals. Rest days are usually on weekends (Saturday and Sunday).


The current minimum wage (in PHP) is:


Average salaries (in PHP, per year) based on job:


Most jobs are under contract. An employment contract must be in writing and the employee should read and understand all conditions before signing. If the contract is in a language other than your mother tongue, you should allow a trusted advisor (like a lawyer or close friend) who is fluent in that language to inspect it. Terms of a contract may not be changed by the employer without the employee's agreement.

The written statement of contract should include the following:

There are several kinds of employment contracts:


Under Philippine law, an employer may terminate an employee on the following just causes:

In a termination for just cause, a notice of intent to dismiss the employee will be given. The employee will be given the opportunity to air his/her side through a hearing or conference. A notice of dismissal will be given if grounds have been established to justify termination.

An employer may terminate an employee on the following authorized causes:

In a termination for an authorized cause, the employer must give the employee a written notice at least 30 days before the date of termination.

Terms of termination should be detailed in the contract. Issues with termination should be discussed with a trade union, a lawyer or the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE).

Time Off

Philippine law does not require employers to grant their employees vacation or sick leave benefits. However, most employers do offer a certain number of vacation and sick days as voluntary benefits to an employee.

An employee shall be paid his/her regular daily wage during regular holidays.

When an employee is required to work on his/her scheduled rest day or on any special holiday, an additional compensation of at least 30% of his/her regular wage will be paid to the employee.


Holidays are days when most public/government offices and private businesses are closed. There are public or local holidays which can be determined by the local authorities based on local traditions. The following are regular Philippine holidays:


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