Overview of Vienna

Geography of Vienna

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Vienna is the capital of the Republic of Austria and is the country's primary city, with a population of about 1.7 million people. It is the largest city in Austria and the 10th largest city by population in the European Union.

Vienna is located in north-eastern Austria, at the easternmost extension of the Alps in the Vienna Basin. It has a humid continental climate with warm summers averaging high temperatures of 22 - 26°C (72 - 79°F) and lows of around 15°C (59°F). In the last several years due to the global warming, the summer high temperatures exceed 30°C (86°F). Winters are cold with average temperatures at about freezing point. Spring and autumn are cool to mild. Snowfall mainly occurs December through March.


Officially known as the Republic of Austria, Austria is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders both Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. In natural beauty, Austria has often been referred to as one of the world's most beautiful countries. It is largely mountainous thanks to its location in the Alps. Of the total area of Austria (84 000 km² or 32,000 sq. mi), only about a quarter can be considered low lying, and only 32% of the country is below 500 meters (1,640 ft). The Alps of western Austria give way somewhat into low lands and plains in the eastern part of the country.

With over half the country situated in the Alps, it's hardly surprising that Alpine climatic conditions are predominant. Although Austria is cold in the winter, in the summer temperatures can be relatively warm reaching 20-35 degrees Celsius.


Update 16/05/2009

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