A cover letter usually accompanies a CV in a job application. In the format of a letter, it establishes your tone and intent. Letters may be handwritten in some countries (this will be asked for in the advertisement). Also known as a cover letter, covering letter, motivation letter, or letter of motivation.
- Header - Standard business letter style, with the sender's address and other information, the recipient's contact information, and the date sent after either the sender's or the recipient's address. The final part of the header is a salutation (i.e., "Dear Hiring Managers").
- Introduction - The introduction briefly states the specific position desired, and should be designed to catch the employer's immediate interest.
- Body - Highlights material in the resume or job application, and explains why the job seeker is interested in the job and would be of value to the employer. Also, matters discussed typically include skills, qualifications, and past experience. If there are any special things to note such as availability date, they may be included as well.
- Closing - Sums up the letter and indicates the next step the applicant expects to take. It may indicate that the applicant intends to contact the employer, although many favor the more indirect approach of simply saying that the applicant will look forward to hearing from or speaking with the employer. After the closing is a valediction ("Sincerely"), and then a signature line. Optionally, the abbreviation "ENCL" may be used to indicate that there are enclosures such as certificates or diplomas.