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Discussion in 'Greece' started by panagiotists13, Jun 9, 2014.

  1. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    Hello everybody!Here you can write any questions you might have in Greek,and I will help you to improve your knowledge in this language!
     
  2. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    And here are some basic phrases in Greek!
    Καλημέρα!(kalimera)Good morning!(till 12 o'clock)
    Καλησπέρα!(kalispera)Good afternoon/evening!
    Καληνύχτα!(kalinihta)Good night!(when we leave)
    Γεια!(yia)Hi!
    Αντίο!(adio)Bye!
    Είμαι...(Ime)I am...
    Άγγλος/Αγγλίδα(Aglos/Aglida)English man/English woman
    Γάλλος/Γαλλίδα(Gallos/Gallida)French man/French woman
    Έλληνας/Ελληνίδα(Ellinas/Ellinida)Greek man/Greek woman
    Γερμανός/Γερμανίδα(Germanos/Germanida)German man/German woman
    Ευχαριστώ(Efharisto)Thanks!
    Παρακαλώ(Parakalo)Please!
    Λυπάμαι(Lipame)I'm sorry!
    Συγγνώμη!(signomi)Sorry!
     
  3. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    And here is the Greek alphabet.
    Αα alfa
    Ββ bita
    Γγ gama
    Δδ delta
    Εε epsilon
    Ζζ zita
    Ηη ita
    Θθ thita
    Ιι yiota
    Κκ kapa
    Λλ lamda
    Μμ mi
    Νν ni
    Ξξ xi
    Οο omikron
    Ππ pi
    Ρρ ro
    Σσς sigma
    Ττ taf
    Υυ ipsilon
    Φφ fi
    Χχ hi
    Ψψ psi
    Ωω omega
     
  4. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    Now,let's see some basic phrases to ask some personal information to a Greek.
    Πώς σε λένε;=What's your name?
    Με λένε...=My name's...
    Πού μένεις;=Where do you live?
    Μένω στο(ν)/στη(ν)/στο...=I live in...
    Από πού είσαι;=Where are you from?
    Είμαι από το(ν)/τη(ν)/το...=I am from...
    η Ελλάδα=Greece
    η Αγγλία=England
    η Γερμανία=Germany
    η Γαλλία=France
    ο Καναδάς=Canada
    το Βέλγιο=Belgium
    Στο(ν),στη(ν) & στο mean in,at,to.Στο(ν) is for masculin nouns,στη(ν) is for female nouns & στο is for the neuter ones.The final "ν" is put when the next work starts with a vowel or κ,π,τ,ξ,ψ.For example,we say στον Καναδά(=in Canada),because the word starts with κ,but στη Γερμανία(=in Germany),because the word starts with "γ"!!!
     
  5. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    In Greek,there are three genres,the masculin,the feminin,and the neuter one.The article "the" is "ο" for the masculin "η" for the feminin and "το" for the neuter nouns!In plural,"ο"and ''η"become "οι",while"το" becomes "τα"!!!
     
  6. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    And now let's see the article "a"/"an" in Greek.For the masculin nouns,it's "ένας(ν)",for the feminin ones is"μία"and for the neuter ones,it's "ένα".For the final "ν" in the masculin article,you can read the rules above (they are the same)!Please note that the indefinitive article has no plural!!!
     
  7. Cyrilexpat

    Cyrilexpat Moderator
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    Thanks a lots for all your tips.
    Could you put in your messages the way it is pronounced (as you did in the previous message)? The alphabet is so different that knowing how it is written does not tell us how to say it in a dialogue.
    :cool:
     
  8. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    Reading in Greek is very easy.If you know the alphabet,you can read whatever you want in this language.You read what you see.Here is a guide where you will learn how to pronounce the letters.
    Αα alfa is pronounced as "a" in Atlantic
    Ββ bita is pronounced as "v"
    Γγ gama is pronounced as a very light "g",which is similar to the Parisian "r"
    Δδ delta is pronounced as "th" in this
    Εε epsilon is pronounced as "e" in egg
    Ζζ zita is pronounced as "z"
    Ηη ita is pronounced as "i"
    Θθ thita is pronounced as "th" in thik
    Ιι yiota is pronounced as "i" in ink,exactly like ita
    Κκ kapa is pronounced as "k"
    Λλ lamda is pronounced as "l"
    Μμ mi is prononced as "m"
    Νν ni is pronounced as "n"
    Ξξ xi is pronounced as "x"
    Οο omikron is prononced as "o" in orange
    Ππ pi is pronounced as "p"
    Ρρ ro is pronounced as "r"(not the French one!P))
    Σσς sigma is pronounced as "s"
    Ττ taf is pronounced as "t"
    Υυ ipsilon is pronounced as "i",exactly like ita and yiota
    Φφ fi is pronounced as "f"
    Χχ hi is pronounced as "h"
    Ψψ psi is pronounced as "ps"
    Ωω omega is pronounced as "o" in orange
    And there are some other rules for the Greek pronunciation too,but I will write them later,as they are not so necessary.There will be more Greek lessons.I hope you find them easy,
    Παναγιώτης
    (I guess you can read my name now!)
     
  9. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    Here are the personal pronouns in Greek.
    εγώ=I
    εσύ=you
    αυτός=he
    αυτή=she
    αυτό=it
    εμείς=we
    εσείς=you(plural)
    αυτοί=they(masculin)
    αυτές=they(female)
    αυτά=they(neuter)
    Please note that "αυ" in these words is pronounced as "af" and not as "ai"!We don't say aitos but aftos!(it's the same for plural).
    In Greek,the personal pronoun before the verb is not necessary,so we can say "είμαι από την Ελλάδα" (the "εγώ" is not necessary before the verb είμαι,but if you say it,it's correct too!).
    In the next lesson,I will show you how to conjugate verbs in present tense!
     
  10. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    And here are the endings for the present tense of the verbs of the first "sizigia",which end in -ω.Some of these verbs are έχω(=have),κάνω(=do),...
    (εγώ) -ω έχω κάνω
    (εσύ) -εις έχεις κάνεις
    (αυτός/αυτή/αυτό) -ει έχει κάνει
    (εμείς) -ουμε έχουμε κάνουμε
    (εσείς) -ετε έχετε κάνετε
    (αυτοί/αυτές/αυτά) -ουν έχουν κάνουν

    Please note the dipthongs!
    αι is pronounced as ε
    ει is pronounced as η,ι,υ
    οι is pronounced as η,ι,υ,ει
     
  11. Cyrilexpat

    Cyrilexpat Moderator
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    I did not get those 3 letters. "g" is different sound from "r" as in Paris, so how can it be the same?
    Also I do not see much difference between this (delta) and thick (theta).
     
  12. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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  13. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    Cyrilexpat,did ou see the video?I will try to find other videos to upload.The Parisian r is w,isn't it?(don't refuse it,I have heard many Parisians speaking French)Delta is a so light d that it's almost pronounced as the Parisian r.Θ is a little difficult letter to pronounce,especially for French people because this sound does not exist in the French language.Spanish people use a lot this sound!
     
  14. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    Let's see the verb be (είμαι) in Greek.
    (εγώ) είμαι=(I) am
    (εσύ) είσαι=(you) are
    (αυτός/ή/ό) είναι=(he/she/it) is
    (εμείς) είμαστε=(we) are
    (εσείς) είστε=(you) are
    (αυτοί/ές/ά) είναι=(they) are
    Now,you can watch this video:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iUm8V1OsQnk
    If you learnt all these things above,you can understand what the girls say without subtitles.
    this is the transcript!
    Transcript:
    - Γειά!
    - Καλημέρα, εγώ είμαι η Στεφανία.
    - Εγώ είμαι η Άννα, Αυτή είναι η Ειρήνη. Αυτός είναι ο Πίπο.
    - Αυτή είναι Σουηδέζα;
    - Όχι αυτή είναι Ελληνίδα.
    - Και εσύ Στεφανία είσαι Γαλλίδα;
    - Όχι εγώ είμαι Ελληνίδα. Και εσείς;
    - Εγώ είμαι Γαλλίδα. Είμαι από τη Λιόν. Η Ειρήνη και ο Πίπο είναι Έλληνες
    - Εσύ είσαι Ελληνίδα, δηλαδή μιλάς ελληνικά;
    - Ναι, μιλάω ελληνικά και Γαλλικά
    - Και εγώ μιλάω Γαλλικά.
    - Εγώ μιλάω Γαλλικά και Ισπανικά.

    - Hi!
    - Good morning, I am Stephania.
    - I am Anna. She is Irene and he is Pipo.
    - Is she Swedish?
    - No, she is Greek.
    - And you Stephania, are you French?
    - No, I am also Greek. And you?
    - I am French. I am from Lyon. Irene and Pipo are Greek.
    - You are Greek, so you speak Greek?
    - Yes, I speak Greek and French.
    - I speak French too.
    - I speak French and Spanish.
     
  15. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    Some more nationalities,...
    Αλγερινός/Αλγερινή=Algerian man/Algerian woman
    Αυστραλός/Αυστραλίδα=Australian man/Australian woman
    Βέλγιο/Βελγίδα=Belgian man/Belgian woman
    Ινδία=Ινδός/Ινδή=Indian man/Indian woman
    Ισπανός/Ισπανίδα=Spanish man/Spanish woman
    Ιταλός/Ιταλίδα=Italian man/Italian woman
    Κινέζος/Κινέζα=Chinese man/Chinese woman
    Σουηδός/Σουηδέζα=Swedish man/Swedish woman
     
  16. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    And now,let's see the languages.Languages in Greek are always in plural!the verb μιλάω (=speak,talk),is in the 2nd sizigia,so we won't conjugate it now.
    τα ελληνικά=Greek
    τα αγγλικά=English
    τα γερμανικά=German
    τα γαλλικά=French
    τα σουηδικά=Swedish
    τα ισπανικά=Spanish
    τα ιταλικά=Italian
    τα αραβικά=Arabic
    τα κινέζικα=Chinese
    τα ινδικά=Indian
    τα ολλανδικά=Dutch
    τα φλαμανδικά=Flemish
     
  17. Cyrilexpat

    Cyrilexpat Moderator
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    Thanks, the video works fine and is excellent.
    I am afraid I must contradict you. I am from Paris (and born there) and our "r" is definitely nothing to do with "w" :lol: . It's always difficult to find examples, but the Parisian "r" is a bit like in the English colour "red". And the "w" depends on the following vowel. If its +i, it's pronounced like "William". If it's +a it's pronounced like "v". :geek:
     
  18. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    Alors,le mot rare se prononce "var"???
     
  19. Cyrilexpat

    Cyrilexpat Moderator
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    No, I said for "W", not for "r". Like the word "wagon " is "vagon", not "Ouhaagon" :)
     
  20. panagiotists13

    panagiotists13 Active Member

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    I was talking about r!!!Anyway,do you like Greek?
     
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