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Learn Greek!!!

Forum اليونان, Griechenland, Grecia, Grèce, Ελλάδα, ギリシャ, Grecia, Griekenland, Grecja, Grécia, Греция, 希腊, 希臘: اليونان, Griechenland, Grecia, Grèce, Ελλάδα, ギリシャ, Grecia, Griekenland, Grecja, Grécia, Греция, 希腊, 希臘

Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Mon Jun 09, 2014 2:45 pm

Hello everybody!Here you can write any questions you might have in Greek,and I will help you to improve your knowledge in this language!
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Sun Jun 22, 2014 4:34 pm

And here are some basic phrases in Greek!
Καλημέρα!(kalimera)Good morning!(till 12 o'clock)
Καλησπέρα!(kalispera)Good afternoon/evening!
Καληνύχτα!(kalinihta)Good night!(when we leave)
Γεια!(yia)Hi!
Αντίο!(adio)Bye!
Είμαι...(Ime)I am...
Άγγλος/Αγγλίδα(Aglos/Aglida)English man/English woman
Γάλλος/Γαλλίδα(Gallos/Gallida)French man/French woman
Έλληνας/Ελληνίδα(Ellinas/Ellinida)Greek man/Greek woman
Γερμανός/Γερμανίδα(Germanos/Germanida)German man/German woman
Ευχαριστώ(Efharisto)Thanks!
Παρακαλώ(Parakalo)Please!
Λυπάμαι(Lipame)I'm sorry!
Συγγνώμη!(signomi)Sorry!
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Sun Jun 22, 2014 6:41 pm

And here is the Greek alphabet.
Αα alfa
Ββ bita
Γγ gama
Δδ delta
Εε epsilon
Ζζ zita
Ηη ita
Θθ thita
Ιι yiota
Κκ kapa
Λλ lamda
Μμ mi
Νν ni
Ξξ xi
Οο omikron
Ππ pi
Ρρ ro
Σσς sigma
Ττ taf
Υυ ipsilon
Φφ fi
Χχ hi
Ψψ psi
Ωω omega
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Mon Jun 23, 2014 10:44 am

Now,let's see some basic phrases to ask some personal information to a Greek.
Πώς σε λένε;=What's your name?
Με λένε...=My name's...
Πού μένεις;=Where do you live?
Μένω στο(ν)/στη(ν)/στο...=I live in...
Από πού είσαι;=Where are you from?
Είμαι από το(ν)/τη(ν)/το...=I am from...
η Ελλάδα=Greece
η Αγγλία=England
η Γερμανία=Germany
η Γαλλία=France
ο Καναδάς=Canada
το Βέλγιο=Belgium
Στο(ν),στη(ν) & στο mean in,at,to.Στο(ν) is for masculin nouns,στη(ν) is for female nouns & στο is for the neuter ones.The final "ν" is put when the next work starts with a vowel or κ,π,τ,ξ,ψ.For example,we say στον Καναδά(=in Canada),because the word starts with κ,but στη Γερμανία(=in Germany),because the word starts with "γ"!!!
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Mon Jun 23, 2014 10:48 am

In Greek,there are three genres,the masculin,the feminin,and the neuter one.The article "the" is "ο" for the masculin "η" for the feminin and "το" for the neuter nouns!In plural,"ο"and ''η"become "οι",while"το" becomes "τα"!!!
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Mon Jun 23, 2014 4:01 pm

And now let's see the article "a"/"an" in Greek.For the masculin nouns,it's "ένας(ν)",for the feminin ones is"μία"and for the neuter ones,it's "ένα".For the final "ν" in the masculin article,you can read the rules above (they are the same)!Please note that the indefinitive article has no plural!!!
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby Cyrilexpat » Mon Jun 23, 2014 4:17 pm

panagiotists13 wrote:Now,let's see some basic phrases to ask some personal information to a Greek.

Thanks a lots for all your tips.
Could you put in your messages the way it is pronounced (as you did in the previous message)? The alphabet is so different that knowing how it is written does not tell us how to say it in a dialogue.
8-)
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Mon Jun 23, 2014 5:34 pm

Reading in Greek is very easy.If you know the alphabet,you can read whatever you want in this language.You read what you see.Here is a guide where you will learn how to pronounce the letters.
Αα alfa is pronounced as "a" in Atlantic
Ββ bita is pronounced as "v"
Γγ gama is pronounced as a very light "g",which is similar to the Parisian "r"
Δδ delta is pronounced as "th" in this
Εε epsilon is pronounced as "e" in egg
Ζζ zita is pronounced as "z"
Ηη ita is pronounced as "i"
Θθ thita is pronounced as "th" in thik
Ιι yiota is pronounced as "i" in ink,exactly like ita
Κκ kapa is pronounced as "k"
Λλ lamda is pronounced as "l"
Μμ mi is prononced as "m"
Νν ni is pronounced as "n"
Ξξ xi is pronounced as "x"
Οο omikron is prononced as "o" in orange
Ππ pi is pronounced as "p"
Ρρ ro is pronounced as "r"(not the French one!P))
Σσς sigma is pronounced as "s"
Ττ taf is pronounced as "t"
Υυ ipsilon is pronounced as "i",exactly like ita and yiota
Φφ fi is pronounced as "f"
Χχ hi is pronounced as "h"
Ψψ psi is pronounced as "ps"
Ωω omega is pronounced as "o" in orange
And there are some other rules for the Greek pronunciation too,but I will write them later,as they are not so necessary.There will be more Greek lessons.I hope you find them easy,
Παναγιώτης
(I guess you can read my name now!)
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Tue Jun 24, 2014 7:08 am

Here are the personal pronouns in Greek.
εγώ=I
εσύ=you
αυτός=he
αυτή=she
αυτό=it
εμείς=we
εσείς=you(plural)
αυτοί=they(masculin)
αυτές=they(female)
αυτά=they(neuter)
Please note that "αυ" in these words is pronounced as "af" and not as "ai"!We don't say aitos but aftos!(it's the same for plural).
In Greek,the personal pronoun before the verb is not necessary,so we can say "είμαι από την Ελλάδα" (the "εγώ" is not necessary before the verb είμαι,but if you say it,it's correct too!).
In the next lesson,I will show you how to conjugate verbs in present tense!
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Tue Jun 24, 2014 8:47 am

And here are the endings for the present tense of the verbs of the first "sizigia",which end in -ω.Some of these verbs are έχω(=have),κάνω(=do),...
(εγώ) -ω έχω κάνω
(εσύ) -εις έχεις κάνεις
(αυτός/αυτή/αυτό) -ει έχει κάνει
(εμείς) -ουμε έχουμε κάνουμε
(εσείς) -ετε έχετε κάνετε
(αυτοί/αυτές/αυτά) -ουν έχουν κάνουν

Please note the dipthongs!
αι is pronounced as ε
ει is pronounced as η,ι,υ
οι is pronounced as η,ι,υ,ει
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby Cyrilexpat » Tue Jun 24, 2014 8:49 am

panagiotists13 wrote:Γγ gama is pronounced as a very light "g",which is similar to the Parisian "r"
Δδ delta is pronounced as "th" in this
Θθ thita is pronounced as "th" in thik

I did not get those 3 letters. "g" is different sound from "r" as in Paris, so how can it be the same?
Also I do not see much difference between this (delta) and thick (theta).
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Tue Jun 24, 2014 9:00 am

You can see this video for the right pronunciation of the letters: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=28yu1PFc438
..And a nice Greek song for summer (at the beach,on a Greek island,of course!!!) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-tuHSnQGZd8
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Tue Jun 24, 2014 9:04 am

Cyrilexpat,did ou see the video?I will try to find other videos to upload.The Parisian r is w,isn't it?(don't refuse it,I have heard many Parisians speaking French)Delta is a so light d that it's almost pronounced as the Parisian r.Θ is a little difficult letter to pronounce,especially for French people because this sound does not exist in the French language.Spanish people use a lot this sound!
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Tue Jun 24, 2014 11:38 am

Let's see the verb be (είμαι) in Greek.
(εγώ) είμαι=(I) am
(εσύ) είσαι=(you) are
(αυτός/ή/ό) είναι=(he/she/it) is
(εμείς) είμαστε=(we) are
(εσείς) είστε=(you) are
(αυτοί/ές/ά) είναι=(they) are
Now,you can watch this video:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iUm8V1OsQnk
If you learnt all these things above,you can understand what the girls say without subtitles.
this is the transcript!
Transcript:
- Γειά!
- Καλημέρα, εγώ είμαι η Στεφανία.
- Εγώ είμαι η Άννα, Αυτή είναι η Ειρήνη. Αυτός είναι ο Πίπο.
- Αυτή είναι Σουηδέζα;
- Όχι αυτή είναι Ελληνίδα.
- Και εσύ Στεφανία είσαι Γαλλίδα;
- Όχι εγώ είμαι Ελληνίδα. Και εσείς;
- Εγώ είμαι Γαλλίδα. Είμαι από τη Λιόν. Η Ειρήνη και ο Πίπο είναι Έλληνες
- Εσύ είσαι Ελληνίδα, δηλαδή μιλάς ελληνικά;
- Ναι, μιλάω ελληνικά και Γαλλικά
- Και εγώ μιλάω Γαλλικά.
- Εγώ μιλάω Γαλλικά και Ισπανικά.

- Hi!
- Good morning, I am Stephania.
- I am Anna. She is Irene and he is Pipo.
- Is she Swedish?
- No, she is Greek.
- And you Stephania, are you French?
- No, I am also Greek. And you?
- I am French. I am from Lyon. Irene and Pipo are Greek.
- You are Greek, so you speak Greek?
- Yes, I speak Greek and French.
- I speak French too.
- I speak French and Spanish.
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Tue Jun 24, 2014 11:55 am

Some more nationalities,...
Αλγερινός/Αλγερινή=Algerian man/Algerian woman
Αυστραλός/Αυστραλίδα=Australian man/Australian woman
Βέλγιο/Βελγίδα=Belgian man/Belgian woman
Ινδία=Ινδός/Ινδή=Indian man/Indian woman
Ισπανός/Ισπανίδα=Spanish man/Spanish woman
Ιταλός/Ιταλίδα=Italian man/Italian woman
Κινέζος/Κινέζα=Chinese man/Chinese woman
Σουηδός/Σουηδέζα=Swedish man/Swedish woman
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Tue Jun 24, 2014 12:00 pm

And now,let's see the languages.Languages in Greek are always in plural!the verb μιλάω (=speak,talk),is in the 2nd sizigia,so we won't conjugate it now.
τα ελληνικά=Greek
τα αγγλικά=English
τα γερμανικά=German
τα γαλλικά=French
τα σουηδικά=Swedish
τα ισπανικά=Spanish
τα ιταλικά=Italian
τα αραβικά=Arabic
τα κινέζικα=Chinese
τα ινδικά=Indian
τα ολλανδικά=Dutch
τα φλαμανδικά=Flemish
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby Cyrilexpat » Tue Jun 24, 2014 12:45 pm

panagiotists13 wrote:Cyrilexpat,did ou see the video?I will try to find other videos to upload.The Parisian r is w,isn't it?(don't refuse it,I have heard many Parisians speaking French)Delta is a so light d that it's almost pronounced as the Parisian r.Θ is a little difficult letter to pronounce,especially for French people because this sound does not exist in the French language.Spanish people use a lot this sound!

Thanks, the video works fine and is excellent.
I am afraid I must contradict you. I am from Paris (and born there) and our "r" is definitely nothing to do with "w" :lol: . It's always difficult to find examples, but the Parisian "r" is a bit like in the English colour "red". And the "w" depends on the following vowel. If its +i, it's pronounced like "William". If it's +a it's pronounced like "v". :ugeek:
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Tue Jun 24, 2014 12:56 pm

Alors,le mot rare se prononce "var"???
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby Cyrilexpat » Tue Jun 24, 2014 12:59 pm

panagiotists13 wrote:Alors,le mot rare se prononce "var"???

No, I said for "W", not for "r". Like the word "wagon " is "vagon", not "Ouhaagon" :)
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Re: Learn Greek!!!

Postby panagiotists13 » Tue Jun 24, 2014 1:10 pm

I was talking about r!!!Anyway,do you like Greek?
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