The work environment in Romania has changed significantly during the past decade, as the country is aiming to improve its work conditions typical of a middle-income nation. Working conditions are, in some aspects, comparable to the ones offered by Western European countries. Nevertheless, wages are significantly below the EU average, and there is a strong instability in the legal environment that regulates working conditions.
Working hours are generally between 9:00 - 18:00 from Monday to Friday with a one-hour lunch break at noon, but this may vary between companies. Many state-owned businesses open between 8:00 - 16:00. Businesses are usually closed on Saturday and Sunday and during public holidays. The standard work week is 40 hours, with additional payments for overtime hours. Nevertheless, for employees in management positions, the above restrictions do not apply.
The minimum working age in Romania is 16 years old.
The gross minimum monthly wage for 2017 is 1,450 RON (approximately 320 euros) for all employees, regardless of age.
The average gross salary for 2017 in Romania has been established at 3,131 RON (approximately 700 euros), with high variations between sectors. In 2016, the oil industry has been the country's best paid sector, with an average gross salary of 6,120 RON, while the lowest wages were in the hospitality industry, with an average of 1,332 RON.
Following a decade of tax cuts geared specifically at the IT industry, this sector has become one of the most competitive in Bucharest, with an average salary of 5,500 RON (around 1,200 euros). It is common for salaries to be expressed in euros, and paid in RON, the country's official currency.
Some example of IT monthly salaries are:
All employment contracts must be in written, in Romanian language, and signed and agreed by both parties. If Romanian is not your native language, you should ask for a translation by a specialist. Keep in mind, however, that the only legally binding version is the original one.
The employee must ensure that the labour agreement includes, as a minimum:
There are four types of work contracts:
Termination occurs when the employer or the employee brings the labour agreement to an end. Termination may be by mutual consent, by law, because of the employer's decision (dismissal) or at the employee's initiative.
An employer cannot dismiss an employee without good reason, even when compensation is given. The termination of an employee can occur only in case of misconduct, police arrest, professional, mental or physical incapacity, and the closing of the employee's position. The minimum notice period required by law is 20 days, but if the contract provides for higher notice period, the latter applies. The minimum notice period in case of resignation by the employee is 20 days for non-management positions, and 45 days for management positions.
All people working under an employment contract have the right to a paid annual leave. The minimum duration of the annual leave in Romania is 20 days, but longer periods may be negotiated. Some companies offer additional days depending on the number of years the employee has worked for the company. Additionally to the statutory leave, employees may be entitled to specific days of paid leave for unusual family events and to unpaid leave for personal circumstances.
Romania has fourteen public holidays a year, when most government offices and private businesses are closed:
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