The law requires that any foreigner obtain a permesso
di soggiorno after eight days of stay.
Anyone who works here must have a work
permit (permesso di soggiorno per motivi di lavoro).
By rights, nationals of EEC countries shouldn't need
one, but they still do. The procedures are less complicated
for them than for non-EEC nationals (extracomunitari),
who need a visa obtained in their home country before
they can get the permesso.
Procedures to obtain a work permit are much easier
for EU- than for non-EU nationals. Anyone
from the EU who is about to be hired here need only
go to the Office for Foreigners (Ufficio Stranieri)
of the Questura and request a permit to stay for work
reasons (permesso di soggiorno, motivi di lavoro).
Take a passport, a photocopy of the data pages in your
passport, two photos and a letter from your anticipated
employer stating their intention to hire you and describing
your professional capacity. Fill out a form available
there and on the same day you will receive a stay permit
allowing you to work. With this you can proceed to get
a residence certificate and an employment record booklet
Non-EEC nationals wanting to be hired in Italy have
a harder time of it. Once you are about to be hired
your employer sends a request to the Ufficio Provinciale
di Lavoro which then sends the request to Rome. If approved,
the documentation returns to the Ufficio Provinciale
di Lavoro and must then be taken to the Questura for
their "Nulla Osta". The employer then sends the stamped
permit and a letter offering you employment to your
address in your home country. There you take the two
documents to the nearest Italian consulate or embassy
and your passport will be stamped with the right sort
of visa. Now you can enter Italy. Once here, take
the stamped permit, letter of employment from your company
(in Italian, stating your name, your position, the length
of your assignment, and from which country you are being
paid), passport, and two photos to the Questura, and
request a permit to stay for work reasons.
Additional documents include the equivalent of a social
security number (codice fiscale).