The public education system in Egypt is well developed as a hub of education not only for Egypt, but for the whole Arab world. Today, Cairo is the center for many government offices governing the educational system. The city has the largest number of schools and institutions of higher education in Egypt. The Government of Egypt has placed high priority on improving the education system and is directed by the Ministry of Education of Egypt. With the support of the World Bank and other multilateral organizations Egypt is increasing the quality of its education.
The educational system is for children from 4–14 years old, with compulsory for 9 academic years, from 6 to 14 years old.
At the primary level students could attend several different types of schools.
The second tier of basic compulsory education is the preparatory stage or lower secondary which is three years long. There are different tracks:
Only general secondary school graduates may be admitted to university after obtaining their General Secondary Education Certificate (GSEC) or an Advanced Technical Diploma with scores above 75 percent.
Running in parallel to the public educational system, the Al-Azhar system consists of six years of primary stage, a three year preparatory stage and finally three years of secondary stage. This system is supervised by the Supreme Council of the Al-Azhar Institution, but remains under the Ministry of Education's watch. The curriculum is primarily concerned with religious subjects and all the students are Muslims, and males and females are separated in all stages. The graduates of this system are then automatically accepted into Al-Azhar University.
Many of the private schools were built by missionaries and are affiliated with churches. They may offer additional educational programs such as the American High School Diploma, the British IGCSE system, the French baccalauréat, the German Abitur or an International Baccalaureate.
There are generally four types of private schools:
Private Schools in Cairo
Adventist Private School
New Hope Christian School
Al Ahram Private Schools
Al Manar Private School
El Wafaa El Azharian Institute Ffor Girls
Kalo Sedan El Armaneya Private School
Manaret Modern School
Mere De Dieu School
New Heliopolis Private School
Taba Private School
Universities in Cairo
Egypt is the home of some of the oldest institutes of learning in the world, and a jewel of education in the Middle East. There are roughly 17 public universities, 51 public non-university institutions, 16 private universities and 89 private higher institutions. However, there is a long way for the education system to go. Only about 30 percent of all Egyptians go to university and only half of them graduate. Standards at many universities range from suspect to abysmal. The government is working to correct the existing issues.
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