Homes are plentiful and less expensive than other Canadian cities like Vancouver and Toronto. However, prices are continually on the rise.
Bathrooms are often counted as half a room, so size indications of 2,5 or 4,5 are common. For example, a 3,5 rooms translates to a kitchen, a living room, a bedroom and a bathroom.
The average price for a home in Montréal is $311,000. Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment in City Centre is about $3,500. Price per Square Meter to Buy Apartment Outside of Centre is $1,914.93.
Standard two-storey home is about $387,786.
Standard 1-bedroom condominium is about $236,989.
Prices are lower outside of the city.
Canadian law allows foreigners (non-residents of Canada) to buy, own, rent, and sell property in Canada without many limitations. There are no differences in the ownership rights between Canadians and non-citizens. It is also not required that you be personally present to purchase property. A real estate agent or lawyer can facilitate the purchase of property on your behalf. Legal documents pertaining to the purchase of property may also be couriered or faxed to you in your home country.
However, purchasing property in Canada does not give residency rights to non-Canadians. You are not permitted to live or work in Canada just because you own property in Canada. Permanent resident status can only be obtained through the immigration process.
There is one exception in Québec. Note that non-residents are not permitted to purchase agricultural land in Québec without special permission. In this case, a non-resident is anyone who has lived in the province for less than 366 days within the 24 months preceding the real estate transaction.
Most new homes, and some older homes, have an Energy Rating that describes the energy efficiency of the home. An energy-rated home usually has a sticker with the rating on the electrical panel. The energy rating is on a 0 - 100 scale. The higher the rating, the more energy-efficient is the home, and the less it costs to operate. This can be an important element when considering homes.
Each province has a New Home Warranty Program that helps new home buyers. For Québec, check with Garantie des maisons neuves de l 'APCHQ (http://www.gomaison.com/), Garantie des maisons neuves de l'ACQ (http://www.acq.org/) or La garantie des maÎtres bâtisseur (www.maitresbatisseurs.com).
Online listings can give you a feel for the market and allow you to determine if a place fits your specifications. Most sites allow you to set-up alerts to find the best property for you.
Classifieds in print or on newspapers online edition can also be a great resource. They can also include articles about prices, available properties and local agents.
Many places have billboards offering advertisements for a variety of goods and services. Watch these boards for useful postings. Laundrettes, cafes, grocery stores, community centers, and bars all might have private ads. While property listings are less common than rental announcements, they may offer a useful lead.
Many property owners in Canada chose to sell their property privately. This means they sell the property on their own without the aid of a real estate agent. Look for private property sales on sites such as Craiglist and Kijiji, or in local newspapers. This allows the seller to avoid paying real estate agency fees, and sellers will typically give buyers a 5% discount on the list price to account for this. However, sellers may end up paying more in legal fees.
When purchasing property directly from an owner, a lawyer generally reviews Offers to Purchase, searches the title of properties, draws up mortgage documents, and tends to closing details on the purchase of property.
An estate agent is a very useful resource for finding the right place quickly. Also called "home search consultants" or "buying agents", agents advise their clients on legal pitfalls and available housing. An agent should:
If you chose to purchase property through a real estate agency, you may find many reputable agencies in your area online, in local newspapers, or through word of mouth. The Multiple Listings Service (MLS) through www.realtors.ca also indicate what real estate agencies represent each listed property, helping you find the right agency.
To purchase a property through a real estate agency, contact a real estate agency and provide them with your requirements (type of property, location, number of bedrooms, age of property, cost of property). A good real estate agent will search for a property until they find exactly what you need. You are free to change agents at your discretion. In Québec, most real estate agencies use French as a first language. Some real estate agencies may also have representatives who can communicate in other languages, such as Arabic, Mandarin, German.
The Canadian Real Estate Association is one of Canada's largest single-industry trade associations. Membership includes more than 100,000 real estate brokers, agents and salespeople. Greater Montréal Real Estate Board (GMREB) or Chambre immobilière du Grand Montréal is the second largest real estate board in Canada with over 9,000 members.
Realtor's fees are negotiable, usually between 3% and 7% of a property's market value. Realtors may charge 7% on the first $100,000 of value, and 3% on the remainder. The seller must pay these fees, as well as a Goods and Services Tax (GST).
When looking at properties, it is a good idea to bring a camera to take pictures of the site. This is a helpful tool when deciding between properties, or remembering details. Also be sure to check the infrastructure. Look at elements such as flooring, and the heating, cooling, electrical and plumbing systems. Your home inspector will check these elements at the buying stage, but you should get a rough idea of whether they are in good working order before making an offer.
Before you sign any documents, including your contract with your realtor, have it looked over by a lawyer or advisor. It is extremely important that every element of a contract be understood before signing. If the language is different than your dominant language, you may wish to have it translated, or bring in a trusted advisor, friend, lawyer, etc. to check it over.
When you are ready to make an offer, you need to give the vendor an Offer to Purchase (sometimes called an Agreement of Purchase and Sale). If you are working with a realtor (and/or a lawyer/notary), they will prepare the offer for you. The Offer to Purchase is a legal document and should be prepared carefully. It usually includes:
At this point,
The vendor may accept your offer. The deal is concluded and you move on to the next steps in the buying process. OR
The vendor makes a counter-offer. The counter-offer might ask for a higher price, or different terms. You can sign the offer back to the vendor, offering a higher price than your original offer, but lower than the vendor's counter-offer. If the vender accepts this counter-offer, the deal is concluded. OR
The vendor makes a counter-offer, asking for a higher price or different terms. If a counter-offer is returned to you at a higher price, ensure that you know exactly how much you can afford before you start negotiating. You don't want to get caught up in the heat of the moment with costs you can't afford. You reject the counter-offer because the price is still too high, or you can't agree to the conditions. The sale doesn't go through, and your deposit is returned.
Once the offer has been accepted on all points, you have entered into a legally binding arrangement and neither party can withdraw without potentially being held liable for the consequent losses of the other party. Accordingly, you should be careful and only submit a written offer through an agent who has your best interest at heart.
Closing day is the day when you finally take legal possession and get to call the house your home. The final signing usually happens at the lawyer or notary's office. What should happen on closing day:
Once your Offer to Purchase has been accepted, go to see your lender. Your lender will verify your financial information and put together what's needed to complete the mortgage application. Your lender may ask you to get a property appraisal, a land survey, or both. You may also be asked to get title insurance. Your lender will tell you about the various types of mortgages, terms, interest rates, amortization periods and, payment schedules available.
To qualify for a mortgage in Canada you must first be interviewed by a financial institution via phone, fax, or email to gather personal information such as assets and liabilities, and employment and income information. You may have to submit income verification, tax returns, credit bureau or bank's reports, down payment confirmation, copies of two pieces of ID, and real estate appraisal. Applications are considered on a case-by-case basis. Mortgage approval typically takes 24-48 hours after application. Mortgages are only available from Canadian financial institutions. Foreign banks cannot register mortgages in Canada.
Non-Canadians are eligible for receiving a mortgage for 65% of the purchase price of a property in Canada. Non-Canadians must make a down payment of at least 35% of the purchase price. The normal down payment for Canadians is 5-10%. The minimum down payment is 5%. Canadian residents can typically receive financing for up to 95% of the purchase price for a primary residence, over a 25-year term.
A mortgage loan is repaid in regular payments, either monthly, biweekly or weekly. More frequent payment schedules (for example weekly) can save some interest costs by reducing the outstanding principal balance more quickly. The more payments you make in a year, the lower the overall interest you have to pay on your mortgage.
Property Transfer or Purchase Tax and Land Transfer Fees
When purchasing a property, both non-Canadians and Canadians must pay a Property Transfer or Purchase Tax and Land Transfer Fees. These are calculated at 0.5-2% of the property's total value. Generally, these fees are 1% of the first $200,000 of value, and 2% of the remainder. First time home buyers who are permanent residents or citizens of Canada and have never owned a home anywhere else in the world are been exempt from this fee.
Average cost of $300-$1000, paid by the seller, for the arrangement of a clearance certificate.
Lawyer's fees are approximately $500-$800, and vary by province and the complexity of the sale and type of property.
Most mortgage brokers require surveys. If the seller does not have a survey, you must provide one at a cost of $150-$350.
A mortgage broker sometimes requires property appraisals. Appraisal fees are approximately $150-$250.
Home Inspection Fee
This is the equivalent of a survey in the UK and other countries, and is carried out at the purchaser's request, before final sale. Home inspection fees are approximately $450.
This covers the replacement value of the structure of your home and its contents, and costs vary accordingly. Most mortgage brokers require that you purchase property insurance.
Some utility providers charge fees for hooking up new services, from $35-$200 per service.
Condominium (Strata) Fees
Condo fees are charged monthly or annually and cover building insurance, maintenance, amenities, and repairs. Condo fees range from $200-$5000, and vary from building to building and city to city.
Non-Canadians are subject to all the same fees and taxes as Canadians when purchasing real estate in Canada. However, in some jurisdictions, non-Canadians must pay higher land transfer taxes.
An owner of a property in Canada pays property tax. Property tax is the same for Canadians and non-Canadians, except in Prince Edward Island, which imposes higher property tax on anyone who is not a resident of the island (not just non-Canadians).
Non-residents of Canada pay tax on income received from sources in Canada. The type of tax paid, and the requirement to file income tax returns, depends on the type of income. Non-residents renting property they own must pay a 25% withholding tax on rental income. This is usually taken off of the monthly rent.
Goods and Services Tax (GST) & Québec Sales Tax (QST)
GST is 5% payable on newly constructed properties. GST is often included in the quoted sales price.
QST is nominally 9.5%, but is also applied to federal 5% GST. Effective provincial rate is 9.975%.
Buying at auction is very exciting and can offer you a significant savings. This buying method is not for novices as there are many pitfalls. These are usually properties that are difficult to sell and/or need serious renovation. If you are determined to buy through this method and are unexperienced, get the advice of professionals and preferably bring someone with experience. It is also advisable to attend a few auctions as an observer before placing a bid.
Auction sales are a way to find inexpensive homes, but may include unexpected pitfalls and should only be considered by experienced home buyers.
Revenu Québec Auction, through The Centre de services partagés du Québec (CSPQ), offers auctions on foreclosed homes. Consult the CSPQ website for the date of the next auction or to view current sales by call for tenders. You can also check auction listings on http://www.okauctions.com/quebec/.