At Work in Stockholm

Social Security in Stockholm

Home > Expat Guides > Europe > Sweden > Stockholm

Everyone who is employed in Sweden is insured for employment-based benefits, including sickness benefit. All residents of Sweden must have a social security number: those born in the country get one at birth, foreigners that take up residence in Sweden for any period of time will be issued one by the Swedish Tax Agency (or Skatteverket) as part of the population register (or Folkbokföring).

The social security number is composed of the date of birth of the individual, plus three digits, plus one check digit. Gender is indicated by the third digit: an even number for women, odd for men. These three digits may also contain information about the region of birth. The actual name of this number in Sweden is personnummer, which directly translated to English would be "Personal Number".

Tax authorities use the number in all their communications relating to tax, so it is illegal to work unless you’re in possession of one. The state insurance system uses the number in order to calculate pensions and for handling of insurance payments, and many private companies use it when storing information about individuals and their accounts, for example banks and insurance companies.

When you make a purchase using a credit card the social security number is used to check your identity. During the 1970s the use of the personnummer was much debated and criticized as it was seen as a potential invasion of privacy. As a result the Swedish Data Act was created in order to regulate how such computerized personal information may be stored and used, although this legislation has not been strenuously enforced.

Update 21/05/2008


Facebook Twitter Google+ LinkedIn Pinterest Addthis

Recommended Service Partners

International Movers

When you move internationally you are taking a big step. Lots of things are changing and you have a million things to think about and take care of. If you are able to select a top of the line moving company that moves for a modest price, it can take a big weight of your shoulders in busy times.

Our network of international removal companies can move your furniture & possessions to Sweden and anywhere overseas.

Filling in the form at the bottom will allow you to request up to 5 quotes from various moving companies. This service is free of charge and will help you select an international moving company that suits your needs and budget.

Do you have comments or personal information to communicate about this article? Add your comment.

Go to the Forum to talk more about social security in Stockholm, at work.

Find more definitions and general answers on expatriation issues in the Expat FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions).